Lyme disease can become chronic if it is not detected in time

Lyme disease can become chronic if it is not detected in time
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World Lyme Disease Day

Every May 1, World Lyme Disease Day is commemorated to raise awareness about this vector-borne disease. transmitted by ticks. The day seeks to educate the population about the risks, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this disease that affects thousands of people around the world. Since its discovery in the 1970s, Lyme disease has presented a significant medical challenge, but with the right awareness and action, its impact can be reduced.

Lyme disease is a zoosis and therefore, a vector-transmitted disease. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), these types of diseases represent more than 17% of all infectious diseases and cause more than 700,000 deaths each year. In Spain, it is classified as Notifiable Disease (EDO), as they declare from the Carlos III Health Institute and they estimate that the incidence of the disease in Spain is known approximately and is around 0.25 cases per hundred thousand inhabitants.

The bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi It is the main cause of Lyme disease but through the tick bite, It is associated with other bacteria, viruses and accompanying parasites that are called co-infections.. It is transmitted mainly to humans through the bite of infected ticks of the Ixodes genus, as explained in the Mayo Clinic. These types of ticks are present in Europe and America and carry the bacteria so they can transmit it to humans when they attach themselves to the body while feeding.

Disinformation

Most people who get Lyme disease don’t remember being bitten by a tick. Furthermore, many of the symptoms of this disease are associated with other conditions, and are confused, as stated by the SOS Lyme. The diagnosis of Lyme disease is usually based on combination of clinical symptoms, history of exposure to ticks, and laboratory tests, such as blood tests to detect antibodies to the bacteria. However, tests may be inconclusive in the early stages of the disease, underscoring the importance of clinical evaluation by a healthcare professional. That is why SOS Lyme believes that there is a lack of training and more awareness about this pathology.

If the infection is not recognized and treated in time, it can become chronic, leading to chronic Lyme disease, which presents many persistent and disabling symptoms that They imitate various diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, lupus, Crohn’s disease or chronic fatigue syndrome among others. That is why in the Chronic Lyme Association of Spain (MOOSE) claim that she is known as “the great imitator.”

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Furthermore, from SOS Lyme they explain that there is a lot ignorance by society of this disease and also highlight the incomprehension by doctors and even the patient’s environment, in the face of symptoms that evolve and seriously limit the quality of life of those affected.

Stages

Lyme Disease can occur in different stages according to the Mayo Clinic. The first symptoms of Lyme disease usually appear 3 to 30 days after the tick bite. In this first stage of the disease, the set of symptoms is limited and usually includes a rash around the bite, fever, headaches, joint pain, and stiffness. This phase is called early localized disease. When detected early it is easy to treat with antibiotics..

If not treated early, Lyme disease can worsen and cause more serious symptoms 3 to 10 weeks after the tick bite: generalized rash, pain or stiffness in the neck, muscle weakness on one or both sides of the face, immune system activity in the heart tissue causing irregular heartbeats, pain that starts in the back and hip and spreads to the legs, numbness or weakness in the hands or feet, painful swelling in the eye or eyelid tissues and even loss of vision, this stage is known as disseminated disease early.

Finally, in the third stage, Lyme disease you can have the symptoms of the early stages and manifest between 2 and 12 months and after the tick bite. The stiffness becomes more intense, can cause a skin condition called acrodermatitis chronica atrophica, the skin on the backs of the hands and the tops of the feet becomes discolored and swollen and tissue or joints may be damaged. This stage is called late spread of the disease.

Lyme can come back chronic, and according to SOS Lyme, in these cases a comprehensive treatment provided by a Lyme expert doctor is necessary. For this treatment, several antibiotics are combined, the immune system is stimulated and the neurotoxins that cause the disease are eliminated. Borrelia it occurs over time.

Prevention

Prevention is key in the fight against Lyme disease. People who live in or visit areas where ticks are common are recommended to take precautionssuch as using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved protective clothing and pants, and performing thorough body checks after spending time outdoors, especially in wooded or high-weeded areas.

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