The impressive Roman site where you can take a dip and is just over an hour from Valencia

The impressive Roman site where you can take a dip and is just over an hour from Valencia
Descriptive text here

Legend has it that it does 2,000 years A queen reached her coastal bath in the Mediterranean Sea from a mysterious palace through a network of secret tunnels.

These galleries led to some pools located in front of the Rock of Ifach and its bay, in Calpea landscape admired and appreciated by the different cultures that have been part of these lands since ancient times.

More than 2,000 years later, the rocky arms of the area are still intact and it has become a unique site of the Roman Empire in which you can still take a dip.

[El acueducto del Imperio Romano más grande de España está en Valencia: su longitud era de 98 kilómetros]

The Roman site of the Baths of the Queen of Calpin the Marina Alta region, is a privileged coastal location and one of the most emblematic points of this town.

It is located just over an hour by car from the center of Valencia and is made up of a large number of domestic, residential, funeral or productive facilities.

Bathers enjoy a day at the beach at the archaeological site.


This place was made up of a Roman palace, not a simple villa or circular domus, which consisted of a hallway, patio and eight rooms.

Its abundance of marble and mosaics has revealed that it belonged to a person with high and influential purchasing power, as highlighted by Calp City Council on its website.

Among other elements, near the coast are the well-known artificial pools excavated in rock intended for fish farming and subsequent salting of fish and where today you can bathe. Some hot springs, a waterwheel and four cisterns have also been found.

The house and its thermal building were built at the end of the 2nd century or the beginning of the 3rd century and abandoned at the beginning of the 5th century.

Cavanilles find

The excavation work on this site began in 2004 and has revealed that the building, which had been built homogeneously, in blocks and in a unitary manner, had a large patio, hallway and eight rooms.

The marble and mosaic decoration are signs of luxury that reveal that the owner of the home was a person of high power.

As for the later early Christian occupation, the basilica on the levels of the house has been dated to the 4th century, and is associated with the first rites of Christianity, since a baptismal font is located there.

The structures were first located in 1610 by Gaspar Juan Escolanoa teologistValencian historian and chronicler.


However, they were not excavated until a century later. Specifically, the work was carried out on May 18 and 19, 1792 by the botanist Antonio José Cavanilles. His discovery was published in the Madrid Gazeta.

Cavanilles publication.

Cavanilles discovered a mosaic in the Calpine site in which, on a white background, a drawing formed by black tesserae was developed.

“The set was completed by the presence of a little bird that was perched on one of the branches,” as certified by the Alicante Provincial Council in the studies carried out on this Roman complex.

The work carried out over the last 20 years suggests that during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. C. the first homes were built, a small thermal complex known as Termas de la Muntanyeta.

It is also known that there was an industrial area in which the construction of a unique waterwheel excavated in the rock that supplied drinking water to the place stands out.

At the end of the s. III d. C. the sumptuous villae circular patio equipped with an extraordinary private thermal complex.

The pools

The large pools in the sea, carved into the sandstone rock and popularly called Baños de la Reina, have been responsible for giving the name to the entire archaeological enclave.

The complex, excavated on the same coast, is made up of a large rectangular deposit of 165 meters of total area.

Image of the pools of the Baños de la Reina.


Its interior was subdivided by natural stone walls, giving rise to six ponds connected to each other through an opening in each of them, according to Calp City Council.

The entry of seawater was through four channels, also carved into the rock, which allowed the free circulation of water to all the rafts.

These channels were closed by perforated gates, which allowed the passage of water and It prevented stagnation and the escape of the fish inside..

These nurseries are related to the breeding of live fish, but their possible use as an aquatic garden for the contemplation of marine beauty is not ruled out.

These are typical constructions of the Tyrrhenianwhere these facilities, expensive to build and expensive to maintain, were also an example of the power and social prestige of their owner.



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